1. Cyprus is an island, naturally not sharing land borders with other conflicts that might spill over and negate positive momentum brought by the school. However, donors still view its location as strategic since it is closer to some of the troubled Middle East capitals than to either Athens or Ankara and since three continents intersect just to the southeast of the island. 2. Solving a long-running conflict between Christians and Muslims in the post-9/11 era would be a welcomed sight. Also, a Cyprus solution would enhance Turkey’s E.U. application, and a thriving Islamic democracy is a good model for Iraq, Afghanistan, et al. 3. The population's physiological needs are met, unlike in Eritrea, where students in a new school might be too starved to focus on learning. 4. The Cyprus stalemate is relatively non-violent, unlike Israel, Iraq, Afghanistan, and other places. There have been roughly five conflict-related deaths in the last 35 years. There is even a Starbucks location 250 feet from the buffer zone between the two side. 5. There is a clear line of divide between the opposing sides. Greek Cypriot children don’t interact regularly with their Turkish Cypriot children in equal-status situations and vice versa. This minimizes potentially confounding variables and make it easier to detect effects of the independent variable, which would be the school. This situation is unlike Belfast (see map), where there is not a clear line of divide and where there are some equal-status, after-school activities that meet on a regular basis. 6. The capital city, Nicosia, where The Cypriot School would be, hosts two governments that both see themselves as a national government: The Republic of Cyprus and the self-described "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus." Only Turkey recognizes the latter. In some of the other conflicts, the nearest capitals to the shared border are provincial capitals and not national capitals. In these other places, the school would have less of a direct effect on the top politicians' mindsets and their peace negotiations with their counterparts.
7. There is already the presence of U.N. peacekeepers (UNFICYP), who would guard the school. Both sides view U.N. troops as relatively neutral, unlike in Korea. 8. The population is small. There is only 1.1 million people on the whole island. Thus, fewer students are needed in the "sample size" to affect the whole population than in a more crowded place such as the Punjab in Pakistan and India. 9. Cypriots have major connections to prospective donors. Both sides have offices in the U.S. and U.K., the Republic of Cyprus belongs to the European Union, and Turkish Cypriots are Sunni Muslim, just like wealthy Gulf states such as Qatar and the UAE.
10. As Cyprus is a former Crown colony, a large percentage of both sides speak English, a language seen as relatively neutral compared to Greek or Turkish. This could be the language for all subjects each day except in the modern-language classroom at the secondary level (ie, French, German, Chinese, etc.) and in one ethnically homogeneous class period a day where the students could get instruction in their own language, religion, and customs. Turkish Cypriot students would be in one room for that one period to study Turkish literature (and perhaps Islam, though Turkish Cypriots aren't very religious), and in the classroom next door for that 45-minute period, Greek Cypriot students would be by themselves to study Greek and the teachings of the Orthodox church.
11. Memories exist among older people on each side of peaceful, integrated living back in the early 1950s and beforehand.
12. The Cyprus statelmate is so politically intransigent that former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annanreferred to it as a "diplomatic Rubik's Cube." Thus, a breakthrough here would lead many to think that this schooling concept is worth an attempt in other conflicts.